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代写被抓:适应市场需求的生产过程

市场的趋势是不断变化的,并影响到各种制造商,他们被迫在零星的基础上改变生产过程,导致意外成本的突然上升和标准化质量维护的不协调。复杂的环境、快速的生产需求和来自同样具有创新能力的竞争对手的超竞争环境,使得生产企业不断地采用新的流程,以减少满足市场需求的不确定性,减少各种类型的成本投入(卡瑞拉,2005)。在为定制产品或智能产品准备计划时,它们包括必要的生产系统知识,并且该产品可以独立地通向供应链的末端,直至交付。因此,在准备一种新的或定制的产品时,可以提取和虚拟化制造过程中传递的信息,使其可用于整个供应链,以减少人为错误,从而消除生产错误。对于供应链的每个节点,有了这样一个实时的信息策略,生产计划就有可能提前交付,从而使其更精简、更敏捷。信息流的时间大大减少,对产品流的实时访问是供应链中的下一个节点随时准备接收产品并为对产品进行必要的处理做准备的一个方面。当前的市场趋势正在扰乱标准化产品的需求和支撑,因此,集中在一个mart工厂必须是在车间层面,以最快的速度提取和收集产品知识(Ruffa, 2008)。这将在满足市场需求方面提供更大的力量,并使流程更加智能化,因为创造性的能量流是工厂的需求。定制产品的制造很难做到精益和敏捷。但在工业4.0的参数下,通过对有限但配套的技术进行过量正确的注入,是有可能消除浪费的。这加快了生产过程,减少了废物的产生,或者仅仅是识别出从产生的废物中产生的新副产品。使工厂更具创新性和结果导向是需要的关键原则,并将通过产品信息虚拟化和将相关信息传递到供应链的所有节点来实现,从而加快处理速度。

产品和生产系统被虚拟化,整个生产系统引入了数字化的附加维度(Wang, 2011)。当生产过程被分割成多个较小的单元时,内部协调的复杂性就绝对降低了。这些单位发挥独特的作用,因为它们消除了所有浪费的信息,只分享和讨论与进程有关的信息,事实上只讨论与该特定单位有关的信息。此外,当分散单元生产不同的产品或加工不同的原材料时,应用这些技术可以改变不同的单元。这减少了来自不同单位的浪费,因为分散的单位有最高的浪费产出。改变后的产品可以在不同的时间间隔生产不同的产品,在市场上有独特的销售主张。变更与较大的成本相关,制造变更对市场是一个很大的威胁,但是当流程随着柔性技术的投入变得灵活时,一次性成本的制造系统可以创建多个产品交付系统(Wilson, 2010)。

因此,工业4.0是一个独特的概念,它始终适用于制造系统,通过灵活地适应市场需求,更快地交付产品,减少资源和时间的浪费,使制造系统变得精益和敏捷。

代写被抓 :适应市场需求的生产过程

The trend in the market is on a continuous change and is affecting manufacturers of all kinds where they are forced to change the production process on a sporadic basis resulting in sudden rise of unexpected costs and misalignment of standardised quality maintenance. Complex environment, rapid production demands, and hyper competitive environment from equally innovative rivals are making the production companies adopt new procedures on a constant basis to reduce uncertainty in meeting market demands and reduce costs inputs of all types (Carreira, 2005). While preparing a plan for a customised or an intelligent product, they consist the knowledge of the production system necessary, and this product can lead independently to the end of the supply chain right up to the delivery. Thus, when preparing a new or customised product, the information that is transferred through the process of manufacturing can be extracted and virtualised to make it available to the entire supply chain to reduce human error and thus the elimination of production error. With such a real time information strategy for each node of the supply chain, it is possible that the production schedules will be ahead of time and delivery and make it leaner and agile. The time of information flow significantly reduces, and the real time access to the product flow is one thing which makes the next node in the supply chain always ready for receiving the product and preparing for the necessary treatment to the product. Current market trends is disrupting the requirement and sustenance of standardised products, and hence the concentration in a mart factory must be on the shop floor level for extracting and gathering product knowledge with the fastest pace (Ruffa, 2008). This will provide greater strength in delivery the demand of the market and make the process more intelligent as creative flow of energies is the demand on the factory. The manufacturing in customised products is difficult to be lean and agile. But with the parameters of Industry 4.0, it is possible to eliminate waste with excessive and right infusion of limited but supportive technology. This expedites the process of production and cuts the generation of waste or merely recognises a new by-product from the waste generated. Making the factories more innovative and result oriented is the key principle required and will be achieved with virtualization of product information and passing relevant information to all nodes of the supply chain enabling faster processing.
Products and production systems are virtualized and an added dimension of digitalization is introduced in the entire production system (Wang, 2011). The complexity of internal coordination is absolutely reduced when the production processes are segregated into multiple smaller units. These units play unique role because they eliminate all wasteful information and only shares and discuss information which is relevant to the process, in fact only those which is relevant to that particular unit. In addition, when decentralised units produce different products or process different raw materials, applying these technologies makes the alteration of different units possible. This reduces the wastage from different units as decentralised units have the highest wastage output. The units when altered can produce different products at different intervals and deliver a unique selling proposition in the market. Alteration is associated with large costs and manufacturing alteration is a big threat to the market, but when the process becomes flexible with the input of flexible technologies, the manufacturing system at a onetime cost can create multiple product delivery systems (Wilson, 2010).
Thus, Industry 4.0 is a unique concept which is ever applicable in manufacturing systems to make them lean and agile through becoming flexibly aligned with market needs, faster in delivery of products, and reducing wastage of resources and time.