在苏格兰和爱尔兰使用的英语语言中也可以考虑到同样的例子(Conard et al, 2003)。代写论文他们以前的语言，虽然实际上已经被英语所取代，但他们的许多语言特征已经被传到了这些地区的英语中。这导致了“苏格兰英语”和“爱尔兰英语”的诞生。这些是英语语言的一些可理解的变体，它们有自己的世界。根据这个模型，这实际上适用于每一种不同的英语从英格兰的方言到印度的英语。代写论文这是由于这些方言的家庭由于他们的地方语言的共同祖先而具有彼此之间的共同特征。
There are many models which may part away from the common ideology related to the standard language and has been further developed in the World Englishes position. 代写论文As per this view, as the language is spread into the new people, it can be assimilated by different speakers. This is true for all the people irrespective of the fact that English is there first, second or a foreign language. Further it also has an influence of the cultural and linguistic background and has also led to the creation of a completely new variety of its own. An example of the same can be considered by the English language which is spoken in Scotland and Ireland (Conard et al, 2003). Their former languages, though have been actually ousted by English, many of their linguistic characteristics have been passed to the English language which is spoken in these areas. This has led to the creation of “Scottish English” and “Irish English”. These are some of the intelligible variations of the English language which has some of the worlds of their own. As per this model, this actually holds true for each and every different variety of English right from the regional dialects which are spoken in England to the kind of English which is spoken in India. 代写论文This is because of the families of the dialects who share common characteristics among one another because of the common ancestry of their local language.
The new models had been proposed by the different linguists from the 1980s. This was done in order to understand the overall spread of English. 代写论文Among different models, the most cited and spoken models are the Kachru’s three-circle model. As per this model, the different variations of English language in the world are divided between the Inner Circle, the outer circle and the expanding circle. Here, inner circle is the nations in which the people use English as their first language such as UK, US and Australia. Outer circle may be defined as the circle in which the English language is used by the people as a second language in schools, education institutions and official institutions. This includes the nations such as India, Singapore and Africa. The third circle is the expanding circle where the English language doesn’t have a specific status but has been largely learned as a second language. This includes most of the nations in Europe and East Asia. When this model is implied, there is a change in the definition of the notion of standard (MacKenzie, 2014). In It also gains the legitimacy to the new and different varieties of English language. This is more specific in the outer circle, 代写论文which may correspond to the different varieties of English which was learned by the people during the former colonies of the British Empire. Thus, this theory clearly approves the differences which is there among different varieties and also attach a positive value to the English language which have been described as errors as per the standard ideology.