墨累達令盆地是墨累河和達令河的匯水處，包括支流。這樣的盆地覆蓋了澳大利亞14%的地區，包括新南威爾士、維多利亞、昆士蘭、南澳大利亞和其他地區(Reid, and Brooks, 2000)。在22個主要集水區中，本作業將討論古爾本斷裂帶。本文將分析古爾本斷裂帶的物理特征、環境特征、經濟活動和社會框架細節，以及未來如何理解集水區的可持續性。
The Murray Darling Basin is the catchment for Murray and the Darling Rivers, inclusive of their tributaries. The basin as such spreads over 14 percent of the Australia covering New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and others (Reid, and Brooks, 2000). Of the 22 major catchments, this assignment will discuss the Goulburn Broken. The essay will analyze physical features, environmental features, the economic activities, and the social framework details that can be associated with the Goulburn Broken and how sustainability of the catchment area can be understood for the future.
Social frameworks that govern the flow of water
The type of society that lives in the catchment area defines the form of social frameworks that are used to govern the use of the water. Predominantly the water area is seen to be the element place for the Aboriginal people from the Goulburn and the broken catchment. The Yorta Yorta, the Bangerang Nations and the Taungurung are the main nations that are observed to be living here before the 1830s and soon after, the Thomas Mitchell settlements were established. The catchment water area hence supplied to much of the social development of the area from having the proper irrigation and fodder for pastoral industries to providing the needed expansions into other industry for catering to a growing population and the economic needs of the time. With a culturally diverse population, there are at present a mix of Aborigines, migrants from Europe and the Middle East and there is also a high seasonal population as well. This means that inclusive of smaller centers, it is necessary for the catchment to cater to about needs of 60,000 people (in just the Greater Shepparton area) and also in the small areas such as the Benalla, Kyabram, Seymour and Numurkah. Community partnerships are encouraged with everybody in order to help in restoration. “The community needs to be involved otherwise nothing will change. Management of our rivers is still reliant on private land managers’ stewardship of land and involvement in the decision-making process” said the CEO of GBCMA (River Foundation, 2016). Secondly there are watershed strategies being planned where a regional strategy for watershed and water restoration is given to the community. This review presented a point of reference to the situation of the Goulburn-Broken catchment. The catchment is place where water is collected. The catchment area as such will affect a huge population whose water needs might be based on the catchment area. This assignment discussed in detail one of the 22 catchment areas of the Murray Darling Basin and the issues of the catchment area that are being planned for in order to have a sustainable water supply, environment and more. A community integrated plan would be helpful here as seen in the review recommendations made for the Goulburn-Broken catchment.