Assignment First

个人陈述代写:有关企业社会责任的案例分析

企业社会责任的政策可以从企业的道德来考虑,企业的道德是建立在道德标准的基础上的,而道德标准是企业做出道德判断的关键。文化在约束组织、团结个人和帮助实现预期目标方面发挥着至关重要的作用。在公司治理的范围内,董事会有责任制定和实施公司治理,同时在公司文化和公司治理之间建立起不可分割的联系。在这方面,关于HIH案,欧文法官强调了文化在公司治理方面的作用:

“与其说我关心公司治理模式的内容,不如说我关心它所依附的组织文化。对我来说,良好公司治理的关键在于实质,而不是形式。它是关于一个公司的董事如何创建和开发一个适合该公司情况的模型,然后定期测试它的实际有效性。”

本声明描述了HIH的中层管理人员不愿意承担不当行为的责任。经调查发现,经理们正采取措施,根据法定当局的呈报,伪造公司的申报表或帐目。此外,职责划分在信义义务的可及性方面,由于其优点是将职责扩展到雇佣关系之外。这反映了意图范围的模糊性。保健处的高级管理人员未能向执行局报告有关本组织的方向和运作的重要事实。这导致了不适当的组织文化的延续。

相反,在考虑莱顿集团的案例时,整个组织的公司治理文化都融合了安全。莱顿认为安全性能是一个主要方面。董事会在履行本组织的道德规范和合规委员会职责的同时,对感知安全的治理主体做出贡献。安全委员会成员包括三种类型的董事会成员,分别是外部人员、相关内部人员和内部人员。委员会的主要职责是在感知安全的范围内监测和审查法律和法规的适用要求的遵守情况。此外,有效公司管治的基本原则是:1)为监督管理奠定坚实的基础,2)构建董事会价值之外,3)促进负责任的和伦理决策,4)维护完整性报告中的财务、5)平衡和及时的信息披露,6)尊重每一个股东的权利,7)识别和管理风险,8)鼓励来提高性能,9)再数与责任和公平,10)确认利益相关者的每一项合法利益。

个人陈述代写 :有关企业社会责任的案例分析

The policy of CSR can be considered from the morality of a business, which is set on the basis of ethical standards and these are crucial for making moral judgments. Culture plays a crucial role in binding an organization, uniting the individuals and helping with the accomplishment of desired ends. Under the scope of corporate governance, it is the responsibility of the Board of Directors for making- up and enforcing corporate governance, while creating an inextricable link between corporate culture and corporate governance. In this context for the case of HIH, Justice Owen highlighted the role of culture in corporate governance:
“I am not so much concerned with the content of a corporate governance model as with the culture of the organisation to which it attaches. For me, the key to good corporate governance lies in substance, not form. It is about the way the directors of a company create and develop a model to fit the circumstances of that company and then test it periodically for its practical effectiveness.”
This statement depicts the disinclination in the middle management of HIH for accepting responsibility towards inappropriate practice. Managers had been found taking steps to falsify the company’s returns or accounts as lodged by the statutory authorities. In addition, functional delineation in the accessibility of fiduciary duty as a result of merits extending the duties beyond the relationship of employment. This reflects the ambiguity for the intentional scope. The senior management of HIH failed in reporting important facts to the Board with respect to the direction and operation of the organization. This resulted in the perpetuation of inappropriate organizational culture.
On the contrary, when considering the case of Leighton Group, there had been integration of safety in the culture of corporate governance across the organization. Leighton has considered performance with safety as a major aspect. The Board of Directors contribute to the body of governance perceiving safety, while operating as per the Ethics and Compliance Committee of the organization. The members of safety committee are inclusive of three categories of board members that are outsiders, related insiders and insiders. The committee holds a major responsibility of monitoring and reviewing compliance with applicable requirements of laws and regulations within the scope of perceiving safety. Also, the underlying principles for effective corporate governance were: 1) laying strong foundation for oversight and management, 2) structuring the board for value addition, 3) promoting responsible and ethical decision making, 4) safeguarding integrity within the reporting of finance, 5) making balanced and timely disclosure, 6) respecting each and every right of the shareholders, 7) recognizing and managing risk, 8) encouraging to enhance performance, 9) renumerating with responsibility and fairness, and 10) recognizing each and every legitimate interest of the stakeholders.