Assignment First

加拿大本科论文代写:口头证据规则的外在证据

基于规则的解释也有例外。例如,考虑下面这种情况:一个是口头承诺,承诺是违反了承诺。在澳大利亚法院,为了有补救措施,有必要证明合同本身可以口头证据规则的除外。现在一些语句的合同条款可以适用于例如模棱两可。法院解释这样一个合同被迫承认外在证据来解决歧义。

加拿大本科论文代写:口头证据规则的外在证据

专利模棱两可的情况下使用的语言可以借它不同的文档中可能的含义或在另一种语言使原来不清楚的是,在白色v澳大利亚和新西兰剧院有限公司可能会异常的原因。同样的,潜在的歧义的情况下一个明确的意义不存在的希望v RCA光线电话机的澳大利亚企业有限公司,然后该案件可能声称口头证据规则的例外。创建一个怀疑因为外在的知识,然后同样的疑问得到解决通过外在证据。

模棱两可也可以存在,因为当事人的身份,或者他们的能力或关系。有时,外在证据需要为了证明考虑或考虑有矛盾等。在这种情况下,口头证据规则的例外。

加拿大本科论文代写:口头证据规则的外在证据

There are exceptions based on the interpretation of the rule. For instance, consider the situation where a promise was made verbally and the promise was breached. In Australian Courts, in order for there to be remedies, it is necessary to prove that the contract itself can be excepted from the Parol Evidence rule. Now some terms of statements in contract could lend itself to ambiguity for instance. Courts interpreting such a contract are forced to admit the extrinsic evidence in order to resolve the ambiguity.

加拿大本科论文代写:口头证据规则的外在证据

Patent ambiguity situations where the language used could lend it different possible meanings or where another language in the document makes the original one unclear is used, as in the case of White v Australian and New Zealand Theatres Ltd could be reasons for exceptions. Similarly, latent ambiguity situations where a clear meaning does not exist as in the case of Hope v RCA Photophone of Australia Pty Ltd, then the case could claim exception from the Parol evidence rule. Where a doubt is created because of extrinsic knowledge, then the same doubt has to be resolved by using extrinsic evidence.
Ambiguity can also exist because of the identity of parties, or their capacity or relationship. Sometimes, extrinsic evidence would be needed in order to prove consideration as well or there are inconsistencies in consideration etc. In such cases, the Parol evidence rule exception is applied.