According to UPSeis (2007), the extent of damage that occurs when an earthquake hits is dependent on the following factors:
Distance from the epicentre,
Type of surface material (rock/dirt) beneath the building structure.
The building foundation, if laid on solid rock proves to be more stable and less shaking in comparison to the buildings that rest upon sandy type of surface. Hence, the building made on solid rocks is less vulnerable to greater damage but that on sandy type can face greater damage.
The way the buildings are designed and structured varies with the variation in type of soil and type of material used in construction. It is the building design that distinguishes the behaviour of one building from the other buildings in an earthquake situation. Moreover, the distance of a building from the epicentre also counts and the greater the distance of the building from the epicentre, the better it is for the health of building and safety of people. (UPSeis, 2007)
The present study has some suppositions to conduct the study and these need prior clarifications.
This project is about the behaviour of only one type of timber shear wall that is the Cross Laminated Timber and all the discussion is focused on timber panel wall and not on timber frame wall.
The under consideration timber shear wall is reinforced with shape memory alloy that is the NI-TI alloy. This alloy is used in such a way that it is inserted into the timber shear wall from the bottom to work as a complete wall reinforcement.