他使用带纹理的对象在画布上废弃油漆。这是超现实主义最重要的方面之一，他从乔治德奇里科的作品中发现了这一点。恩斯特将其解释为“有系统地利用在两个不相关的飞机上偶然或有意识地会合两个不相关的实体 – 以及由这些现实的共同点燃的诗歌的火花。”
Automatic drawing served as the idea of drawing the image without any interference of conscious mind, it is about letting the hand to draw whatever comes to mind, which means complete exposure of unconscious mind. It could be called as the analogue of the automatic writing. “The Elephant celebs” is the most famous and earliest painting of Ernst. It highly imitates the style of Giorgio de Chirico. It depicts the fear and irrationality of one’s mind during the time of war. Ernst had been involved in the World War I and was extremely affected, which also gave him more insight of one’s mind that is facing a war. Elephant represented the fear of seeing the British tanks for the first time and the woman without head represented his sister whose death brought great grief of Ernst.
He used the objects with textures to scrap the paint on canvas. This was one of the most vital aspects of Surrealism, which he discovered from the works of Giorgio de Chirico. Ernst elucidated it as “systematic exploitation of an accidental or deliberate meeting of two unrelated entities on a plane that is related to neither—and the spark of poetry that is kindled by the coming together of those realities.”
Surreal artists believed that only dreams are the barrier between the conscious and unconscious minds, paintings of the dreams is the manifestation of the complete mind. With this notion the two branches of the surrealistic art became evident. One of them was the automatism that had evolved from the surrealistic literature. The automatic artists of the ear were Joan Miro, Andre Masson, Max Ernst and Yves Tanguy (his early works only).