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加拿大健康学论文代写:大萧条始末原因分析

股票市场的崩溃是大萧条的开始。1929年,相当多的财富在股票市场上被摧毁。经济的健康成了问题。斯穆特-霍利关税法增加了进口商品的成本,从而导致国际贸易崩溃。货币支出下降,货币存量下降。同时公司降低价格。所有这些问题都转移到了下岗工人身上。随着收入的下降,借款人偿还贷款变得更加困难。美国银行体系失败了。价格和就业也出现下降。在1930年至1933年间,美国有1000多家银行倒闭。



加拿大健康学论文代写 :大萧条始末原因分析

1933年3月,在富兰克林·D·罗斯福总统的努力下,大萧条结束。1933年3月,罗斯福(T)总统上任,他立即下令关闭所有银行,并宣布国家银行假日。当银行从政府获得经营银行的许可证时,银行就有可能重新开业。作为一项临时措施,联邦存款保险制度应运而生。罗斯福的政策恢复了人们的信心,资金开始流入银行。此外,政府还推出了各种项目,包括向地方政府和个人发放现金补助,从而开始创造就业机会。市场或资本主义的失败不是大萧条的原因,它可以得出这样的结论:大萧条的发生是由于政府政策的误导。美联储允许货币储备的存在,从而导致了银行的崩溃。在通缩期间,贷款违约、银行倒闭和破产仍在继续。美联储没有向银行提供贷款的立法。如果美联储在完全开放的市场上购买证券,银行系统可能已经充斥着储备。严格地说,美联储缺乏适当的应对措施会对银行体系造成威胁。这是美联储在大萧条时期缺乏适当应对措施的失败。


加拿大健康学论文代写 :大萧条始末原因分析

The crash of stock market is the beginning step for the Great Depression. During the year of 1929, considerable wealth destroyed in stock market. The health of economy becomes in question. Smoot-Hawley tariff increased cost of imported goods, thereby international trade collapsed. Spending of money declined and money stock fell. Simultaneously firms cut the prices. All these issues went to workers lay off. Repayment of loans by borrowers becomes harder as decline in incomes. US banking system failed. Decline also noticed in prices and employment. More than one thousand US banks closed during the period of 1930 to 1933.


加拿大健康学论文代写 :大萧条始末原因分析

The Great Depression ended March 1933 with the efforts of President Franklin D.Roosevelt (T). The President took charge of office in March 1933 and immediately he ordered to closure of all banks and declared national bank holiday. The reopening of banks is possible when the banks receive licenses from the government to operate banks. As a temporary measure, federal deposit insurance system is initiated. The policies of Roosevelt restored the confidence and money flow started into the banks. Further, the government also promoted various programs which includes cash grants to local governments, individuals thereby generation of employment started. The failure of markets or capitalism is not the causes of Great Depression and it can conclude that incident happened due to misguided government policies. The Federal Reserve allowed the money stocks thereby resulted collapsed of banks. Default in loans, bank failures and bankruptcies continue during the deflation. There is no legislation for which the Fed lends to banks. If the Fed purchased securities thorough open market, the banking system might have flooded with reserves. Strictly speaking, the lack of proper response of the Fed causes threatening of the banking system. It is a failure of Federal Reserve lacking of suitable response during the Great Depression.