Art can be defined as a depiction of human emotions in a variety of ways. The value of the art depends on the viewer. In architecture field the representation of art is usually in the visual forms. These art forms are usually in the forms of painting, sculptures and arrangement of the rooms. The purpose of embedding art in the buildings is to evoke a particular emotion in people. The value of art is usually intrinsic and intangible. The value of the buildings is found to increase by embedding art. While the application of art in the buildings is to make the buildings more aesthetically pleasing to the eyes, it is also the techniques, the way they are applied, the engineering behind their application and more that makes architecture truly complete. Human intelligence is what sets man uniquely in comparison with other animals and beings. Throughout the evolution of mankind, man has always tried to create a safe place to stay. Through many trials and from the information garnered from experience man has created breakthroughs in constructions (Sternberg, 1982). Man has emerged as a dominant being owing to this development. The engineering and the induction of science into the building structures have enabled man to create a multitude of different intricate structures. Evolution of the human intelligence has hence been just as much a major factor as that of art in contributing to architectural development. More current trends in architecture are creations of intelligence-based designs in the architecture of the building.
Salingaros (2007, p.37) presents that “Accepting human intelligence as a unifying principle for the architectural design process enables us to fundamentally restructure architectural education and practice, in a manner that leaves little room for idiosyncratic or ideological expressions”. Art is hence defined as an ideological expression and according to Salingros (2007) there is a shift towards better technical application-induced mainly by architectural education and practice.