Assignment First



另一方面,耶稣会士被显示为传教士,其宗旨是改变印度人。实际上,三个世纪以来,葡萄牙和西班牙的统治在拉丁美洲持续了。无论对剥削的持续抵制,无论宗教灵感的乌托邦梦想如何,1800年奴隶制和征服的苦难仍然非常坚定。正是由于奴隶制所征服的种族等级,并征服拉丁美洲人在一段时期内战斗,并适应了这种等级制度。在拉美殖民统治期间,稳定性和耐久性是两个最令人惊奇的主要特征。然而,还必须看到,特别是到最后,有一些显着的大型叛乱和许多小的叛乱(Saeger 1995)。



The movie The Mission which was released in the year 1986 is considered to be a dangerous movie. The film actually re-enforces paternalism, neo-imperialism and also a dangerous kind of Otherness, even though it pretends to be both Indian friendly and historically accurate. If the movie is examined from the epistemological framework then it would bring out the fact that it is based on the themes mentioned above. It is in the late 18th century of South America that the movie is set onto. Portugal and Spain which are the two great colonial forces are fighting for native Indians labor and land. Both Portugal and Spain act as the imperialists whose basic aim is to formulate a trade in slaves and riches (Chasteen 2011).

On the other hand, the Jesuits are shown as the missionaries whose aim is the conversion of Indians. In reality, it was for 3 long centuries that the rule by Portugal and Spain lasted in Latin America. Regardless of the continual resistance to exploitation and regardless of the utopian dreams of the religiously inspired, in 1800 the bitter legacy of slavery and conquest remained very firm. It was with the hierarchy of race which was imposed by slavery and conquest that the Latin Americans fought and over a period of time they got adapted to this kind of hierarchy. During the colonial rule in Latin America, stability and durability were the two key features which were most surprising. However, it must also be seen that especially towards the end there were a few notable large rebellions and many small rebellions (Saeger 1995).

In the movie, it is shown that the character tames the tribe when he is armed with a flute. It is stated by the author that with an orchestra a whole continent would have been subdued by the Jesuits. In the historic context of the movie, the Guarani are indeed agrarian and for them hunting was of no use; thus it is ironic that the hunters turned quiet submissive.