Opera like it is known by everyone is a performance by various kinds of artists, like singers and musicians who perform dramatic work. This dramatic work is a combination of a setting which is theatrical in nature, has text writings (libretto: little book) included with a musical score. Usually in an opera there are two types of singing, one which is melodic or musical in nature and the other one is recitative, performed by two different people. Art is magnified in an opera as it contains all elements which includes singing and dancing, recitation and musical display, acting and spoken theatre. An opera also has a musical ensemble or an orchestra, but it was only after the 19th century that the opera was being led by a conductor. Origin of opera is the essence of the operas which are performed in today’s date.
The earliest operas which is known were productions which were modest in nature, compared to the other forms of dramas and sung dramas of the renaissance, but soon spread to become more lavish and spectacular in nature, and took on to the staging of a genre present earlier and known as ‘intermediate’.
Discussing about the invention of opera leads back to Dafne, by Jacopo Peri, which had only five instrumentals, and was a chamber opera, different from preceding intermedi, which was seen in the operas by Claudio Monteverdi in the later years. This was written around the year 1597, inspired by the Florentine humanists’ elite class, and their gathering back then was known as “Camerata”. Dafne was an attempt to reinstall the Greek drama, to bring back the Greek tragedy, so that the in-depth character, great antiquity in nature, of the renaissance could be brought back again.