纵观历史，通信和技术的建立是相辅相成的，而像互联网这样的最新技术的发展将通信推向了一个完全不同的水平。新闻工作可以确定为有意识地、经过深思熟虑地努力收集信息、分析和整理数据，以便娱乐、教育和通知公众作出适当的决定。新闻学还关注于向大量受众报道和调查趋势、问题和事件。尽管新闻业有许多不同之处，但理想的形式是让观众了解商业世界、政府相关的最新动态和社会世界的某些方面。包括文献资料、新闻摄影、编辑等功能。社交媒体最终成为新闻的词汇，它似乎在获取信息的同时取代自我推销成为社会的主要活动(Waters et al.， 2010)。虽然在新闻业中使用社交媒体已经有了一个成熟的发展，但是一些记者对于社交媒体影响新闻活动的方式表现出了较少的积极性。这提高了新闻分享的参与度、生产率和质量。
了解现代新闻的广泛范围，每一个电视、广播电台、杂志和报纸都有在线的存在，同时通过互联网呈现其内容的离线版本(Lee and Ma, 2012)。广播电视节目的传统媒体渠道已经开始利用受众的内容来拓展和创新公共服务的汇款。新闻业已经成功地建立了专门为互联网用户和在线读者服务的在线单位或部门。在这类网站中，受众可以通过图形、音频、视频和文本的形式获取媒体故事(Stassen, 2010)。最近关于消费、分配和产品动态变化的问责制提供了消费者和生产者之间关系的转变。社交媒体也为增强和社会化社区凝聚力提供了很好的途径。
All across history, establishment in communication and technology have ended up going hand in hand, and the latest developments of technology like the internet have lead towards advancing communication to a completely different level. Journalism can be identified as the conscious and deliberate efforts of gathering information, analysing and collating data for entertaining, educating and informing the public to make appropriate decisions . Journalism also focuses to report and investigate trends, issues and events to large group of audience. Even though there are a number of differences in journalism, the ideal form is informing the audience about certain aspects of the business world, government related updates and social world. This includes the function of documentation, photojournalism and editing. Social media has ended up becoming the lexicon of journalism, and it appears to source information while overtaking self-promotion as the primary activity of the society (Waters et al., 2010). While there has been a sophisticated growth of using social media in journalism, some of the journalists show less positivity regarding the ways in which social media impacts the activities of journalism. This enhances engagement, productivity and quality of the news being shared.
Understanding the broad scope of modern journalism, each and every television, radio station, magazine and newspaper have online presence while featuring the offline versions of their content via the internet (Lee and Ma, 2012). Traditional outlets of media for broadcasting radio and television shows have started to use the content of audience for extending and innovating the remittance of public service. Businesses in the journalism field have been successfully setting up online units or department for exclusively catering the internet users and the online readers. In these types of websites, audience will have accessibility of media stories in the form of graphics, audio, video and text (Stassen, 2010). Recent accountability regarding the changed dynamics of consumption, distribution and product provides the shifted relations between consumers and producers. Social media also provides excellent avenues for the purpose of enhancing and socializing communal cohesion.