Assignment First

美国堪萨斯大学论文代写:经济交易

执行摘要
这项任务是基于负面外部性的经济概念。负外部性可以被定义为第三方由于经济交易而产生的成本。这项任务是基于中国实施碳税政策的案例研究。中国政府的这一做法为应对负外部性污染和温室气体排放迈出了积极的一步。后来的工作涵盖了中国政府处理这个问题必须考虑的其他步骤,减少了负面外部影响。
负面外部性:
负面外部性可以解释为某些产品对消费者的行为,对第三方有直接或间接的负面影响。消极的外部因素是关于某种产品的产品离子或消费对环境的影响(Williams,1997)。例如,最常见的负面外部效应是空气污染,噪音污染,土地污染,水污染和系统性风险。
负外部性通常被定义为第三方由于某种经济交易而产生的成本。在这种经济交易中,生产者和消费者分别是第一方和第二方,第三方由间接受经济交易影响的个人,组织,资源或任何财产所有者构成(Robson,2007)。
通常在资产和资源的财产所有权没有得到适当分配和优柔寡断的情况下(Garnaut,2008),就会出现负外部性。例如,没有海洋的拥有者或地球上的森林,所以任何人都可以污染他们,不用担心被业主起诉。

美国堪萨斯大学论文代写:经济交易

Executive Summary
The assignment is based on the economic concept of negative externalities. A negative externality can be defined as a cost that is incurred to the third party as a result of an economic transaction. The assignment is based on the case study of China’s policy for implementing the carbon tax. This way of China’s government has taken a positive step towards dealing with the negative externality–pollution and greenhouse gas emission. Later the assignment covers the other steps that must be considered by the government of China to deal with the problem and reduce the impact of negative externalities.
Negative Externalities:
Negative externalities can be explained as an action of certain products on consumers that have the direct or indirect negative impact on the third party. Negative externalities are concerned with the effects on environment due to product ion or consumption of a certain product (Williams, 1997). For instance, the most common negative externalities are air pollution, noise pollution, land pollution, water pollution and systematic risk.
The negative externalities are generally defined as a cost that is incurred by the third party due to some economic transaction. In this economic transaction, producer and consumers are the first and second party respectively, and third party consists of individuals, organizations, resource or any property owner who are indirectly affected with the economic transaction (Robson, 2007).
Negative externalities normally take place in the situations where the property ownership of the assets and resources are not properly allocated and are indecisive (Garnaut, 2008). For instance, there is no owner of the oceans or the forests on the earth, so anyone can pollute them with no any fear of getting sued by the owner.