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  本篇personal statement 代写-商业道德伦理理论讲了考虑到道德伦理理论,企业和患者必须做出道德的决定,而不是简单的行为准则。良性行为意味着吉利德科学降低价格,为所有人提供负担得起的药物,并在情况下为绝对贫困人口提供免费药物。此外,患者也有责任支付药价,维护公司和股东的利益,不因自己的疾病而给自己造成损失。因此,这两个实体做出的良性决策可以解决道德困境的问题,幸福可以最大化,痛苦可以减少。本篇personal statement 代写文章由加拿大第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

  Considering consequentialism as one of the theories, which focuses on maximising the goodness of a result of an action, Gilead Sciences must reduce their prices to an extent that more people can afford it and ask the shareholders to take less profits in order to save the lives of patients. The company can reduce the cost to a level where it gains marginal profit and also helps more patients to be able to afford medication. The company can also introduce staggered payment modes for the medication for maximising affordability. These actions of consequentialism can maximise the good impacts of an action and more people can be saved, if not all, and the shareholders will also make profits to a reasonable level, but not exorbitant and what was possible to earn if the prices were kept high. This same act is similar to utilitarianism which is focused on maximising happiness and reducing pain for maximum number of people.

  Considering the theory of rights and justice, it is the right of the patients to live and a right to receive affordable medication with which they can save themselves. They also have a right to justice in any case on moral grounds. The Michigan patients have the right to live and the right to receive proper and affordable medication on time. However, there is a conflict here because if the life threatening disease is caused due to the patients’ lack of proper conduct and association with vice, it is again a dilemma whether the company must reduce prices to save someone who has been negligent in preventing their own diseases (Moon, 2001).

  Considering the theory of virtue ethics, the company and the patients must take virtuous decisions and not simply which is a general rule of action. Virtuous actions means reduction of prices by Gilead Sciences to provide affordable medication to all and in case also give free medication for the absolute poor. In addition, the patients are also responsible for paying the price of the drug and safeguard the interest of the company and shareholders and not force losses on them due to their own disease. Thus, both entities taking virtuous decisions can solve the problem of an ethical dilemma and happiness can be maximised and pain be reduced (Vogel, 1991). When both entities at the two extremes of an ethical dilemma takes responsibility for their own condition and position, they can reduce the pain of each other and the impacts will be maximisation of happiness of all members involved in the ethical dilemma case. The company can reduce their cost and this action can be called as virtuous as they have let go of their profits to an extent to save people (Yorke, 2010). On other hand, the patients also have taken responsibility to pay as much as they can in whatever timeframe and portions to reduce the pain of less profits of the company. This action of the patients is virtuous as it is serving the interest of the medication provider and be termed as a virtuous deed.