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数学代写:加拿大经济复苏

在西方大多数自由民主国家,上世纪70年代是经济政策和政治意识形态的一个重要转折点。战后凯恩斯主义福利国家时代向自由市场新自由主义理论过渡的十年,其特征是“民主危机”。在1960年代和1970年代进入政治舞台造成了过度的民主,从而给国家增加了沉重的官僚主义负担,过分强调保护工人和福利。这可以理解为政府在满足公民需求方面的无能。政府需要确保从根本上重新分配资源,以克服民主危机。

可以肯定的是,加拿大并非完全不受这一时期民主危机所造成的压力的影响。新民主党1972年联邦选举后,大卫·刘易斯上台执政。刘易斯的领导在结束公司福利方面动员了大量的支持,从而保持了权力的平衡。此外,加拿大企业界在1973年的石油危机期间加剧了公众的不信任。随着对石油巨头的谴责不断增加,加拿大人民承受着油价暴跌和燃料供应短缺的沉重负担。政策制定者还认为,由于石油公司录得巨额利润,公众对大型企业的信心受到了侵蚀。这种愤怒也引发了对自由市场资本主义体系的怀疑和担忧。不断上涨的油价也导致了总体物价水平(通货膨胀)的上升。1975年,特鲁多政府开始控制物价和工资,以稳定通货膨胀。

数学代写 :加拿大经济复苏

In most of the liberal democracies of the West, 1970s represented a prime turning point in terms of economic policies and in political ideology. The decade witnessing the transition from the post-war Keynesian welfare state era to the rationale of free market neoliberalism was characterised by a “crisis of democracy”. The entry into the political arena during 1960s and 1970s had created excess of democracy, thus burdening the country with heavy bureaucracy, too much emphasis on protecting the workers and welfare provisions. This can be understood as an inability on the part of the government in addressing the demands and needs of the citizens. The government needs to ensure that resources are redistributed radically in order to overcome the crisis of democracy.
It was certain that Canada was not completely immune to the pressures created due to the crisis of democracy during this period. The new Democratic Party after the federal election in 1972, David Lewis came into leadership. The leadership of Lewis mobilized significant support in terms of ending corporate welfare, thus holding the balance of power. Further, the corporate community of Canada fuelled the distrust of public through the oil crisis of 1973. People of Canada were burdened with plummeting oil prices along with the shortage of fuel supply as the condemnation of giant corporations of oil grew. The policy makers also argued that since oil companies were recording huge profits, the public confidence in big business was eroded. This anger also casted doubts and concerns in the system of free market capitalism. The rising oil prices had also lead to an increase in the general price level (inflation). In 1975, the Trudeau government initiated the control on prices and wages in order to stabilize inflation.