Assignment First

英国生态学论文代写:气候变化

现在让我们来看看美国等发达国家对“京都议定书”的反应。美国坚信“京都议定书”不公平,因为它不会使发展中国家达到与环境污染物减排程度相同的水平。

美国反对上述说法的一个论点是,发展中国家不是过去一百五十年造成污染的发展中国家,要求他们减少已经发展和产业化的错误的工业增长是不公平的像美国这样的国家(The Energy Collective,nd)。

温室气体在大气中仍然存在数十年,因此考虑历史排放也是非常重要的。下图清楚地表明,发达国家或富裕国家的排放量已超过中国,印度和世界其他地区。

英国和其他欧洲国家在早期的发展道路上已经释放出有害气体。虽然美国成为英国和其他欧洲大国之后的帝国,但它在总排放量方面已经占据了英国(Global Issues,n.d.)

值得注意的是,中国,印度等发展中国家的目标是发展和工业化,以满足其基本需求,而富裕国家则瞄准奢侈品和相关生活方式的进一步发展和工业化发展。

发展中国家正在尽最大努力减少有害气体的排放。如果我们以中国自己为例,它已经设定了一个目标,减少对煤炭等传统形式的能源的依赖,并将获得可再生能源总能源的15%,并实现这一目标;它已经确定了2020年的最后期限。

英国生态学论文代写:气候变化

Now, let us have a look at the reactions of developed nations like US to the Kyoto Protocol. US firmly believes that Kyoto Protocol is not fair as it does not commit developing nations to the same level of reductions in environmental pollutants.

An argument against above mentioned claim by US was that the developing nations are not the ones which have caused pollution in the past 150 years and it would not be fair to ask them to cut down they industrial growth for the mistakes done by already developed and industrialised nations like U.S (The Energy Collective, n.d).

Greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for many decades and thus it is very important to consider historical emissions also. The below graphs clearly show that developed or rich nations have emitted more than China, India and rest of the world combined.

United Kingdom and other European countries have emitted harmful gases during their earlier path to development. Although Unites States became an empire much after UK and other European powers, but it has taken over U.K. in terms of total emissions (Global Issues, n.d.)

It must be noted that China, India and many other developing countries are aiming for development and industrialization to meet their basic needs while the rich nations are aiming for further development and industrialization growth for luxury and associated life styles.

The developing nations are trying their level best to minimise emission of harmful gases. If we take the example of China itself, it has set a goal for it to reduce the dependence on coal and other traditional forms of energy and will be getting 15% of its total energy from renewable forms of energy and to achieve this target; it has set the deadline for 2020.