Assignment First



美国反对上述说法的一个论点是,发展中国家不是过去一百五十年造成污染的发展中国家,要求他们减少已经发展和产业化的错误的工业增长是不公平的像美国这样的国家(The Energy Collective,nd)。


英国和其他欧洲国家在早期的发展道路上已经释放出有害气体。虽然美国成为英国和其他欧洲大国之后的帝国,但它在总排放量方面已经占据了英国(Global Issues,n.d.)




Now, let us have a look at the reactions of developed nations like US to the Kyoto Protocol. US firmly believes that Kyoto Protocol is not fair as it does not commit developing nations to the same level of reductions in environmental pollutants.

An argument against above mentioned claim by US was that the developing nations are not the ones which have caused pollution in the past 150 years and it would not be fair to ask them to cut down they industrial growth for the mistakes done by already developed and industrialised nations like U.S (The Energy Collective, n.d).

Greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for many decades and thus it is very important to consider historical emissions also. The below graphs clearly show that developed or rich nations have emitted more than China, India and rest of the world combined.

United Kingdom and other European countries have emitted harmful gases during their earlier path to development. Although Unites States became an empire much after UK and other European powers, but it has taken over U.K. in terms of total emissions (Global Issues, n.d.)

It must be noted that China, India and many other developing countries are aiming for development and industrialization to meet their basic needs while the rich nations are aiming for further development and industrialization growth for luxury and associated life styles.

The developing nations are trying their level best to minimise emission of harmful gases. If we take the example of China itself, it has set a goal for it to reduce the dependence on coal and other traditional forms of energy and will be getting 15% of its total energy from renewable forms of energy and to achieve this target; it has set the deadline for 2020.